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Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Requirements 1

7/27/2009

TRUCKS, BUSES, MPVs: FEDERAL LIGHTING EQUIPMENT LOCATION REQUIREMENTS
 
To see the placement on other trucks: RV's dump trucks, buses etc. http://www.grote.com/tech/fmvss/
NOTE: All information provided by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. For full and up-to-date information, visit http://www.nhtsa.gov/

FMVSS Requirements SIde ViewFMVSS Requirements Rear View

IMPORTANT NOTE:Every lamp, reflex reflector, and conspicuity treatment (device) must be permanently attached in the location specified below and must comply with all applicable requirements prescribed for it by FMVSS/CMVSS 108. The face of any device on the front/rear and sides should be, respectively perpendicular and parallel to vehicle centerline, unless it is photometrically certified at installation angle. No part of the vehicle shall prevent any device from meeting its prescribed requirements unless an auxiliary device meeting all prescribed requirements is installed.

IN CANADA: Manufacturers and importers of vehicles must have the proper certification test records demonstrating compliance of lighting components with all prescribed requirements.

BASIC EQUIPMENT REQUIRED ON ALL TRUCKS, BUSES & MPVs

D E S C R I P T I O N M A N D A T O R Y
R E Q U I R E M E N T S
 Area   Equipment (SAE Lens Coding) Functional
Purpose
Quantity Color Location Height mm (in.)
from the ground
  

 

 

 

 

 

Headlamps - Lower Beam (H, HR)
Attention: US: "DOT" lettering required on lens
Attention: US & Canada: light source code required on lens
Forward road illumination Minimum 2 White On the front - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable
(If 4 lamp system - outboard or above upper beams)
560-1370 (22-54)
Headlamps - Upper Beam (H, HR)
Attention: US: "DOT" lettering required on lens
Attention: US & Canada: light source code required on lens
Forward road illumination Minimum 2 White On the front - symmetrical
( If 4 lamp system - inboard or below lower beams )
560-1370 (22-54)
Parking Lamps-Attention: Required only on vehicles less than 2032mm wide (P) Indicate parked vehicle Minimum 2 White or Yellow Front - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable 380-1530 (15-60)
Daytime Running Lamps -
Attention: for Canada required, for US optional.
(Y2)
Attention: for US, "DRL" lettering required on lens if device is not headlamp
Indicate in-use vehicle Minimum 2 White or Yellow Front - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable 380 (15) minimum Maximum depends on type of DRL
   Front Turn Signal/Hazard Warning Lamps ( l) Indicate direction of turn / identify disabled vehicle Minimum 2 Yellow Front - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable 380-2110 (15-83)
   Front Clearance Lamps-
Attention: Required for vehicles 2032mm wide or wider
( P2, PC* or P3*,PC2)
*photometrically certified at installation angle
Show vehicle's width Minimum 2 Yellow At widest point - symmetrical - on the front or near the front - facing forward As high as practicable
  

Front Identification Lamps (ID) (P2 or P3) Indicate presence of a wide vehicle Exactly 3 Yellow on the front - center - horizontally spaced 150 mm (6 in.) to 300 mm (12 in.) apart As high as practicable or on top of cab
      Front Side Marker Lamps ( P2, PC* or P3 ,PC2*)
*photometrically certified at installation angle
   Minimum 2 Yellow Each side at front - as far forward as practicable 380 (15) minimum
      Front Side Reflex Reflectors (A) Front and Rear side marker lamps / side Minimum 2 Yellow At front - symmetrical - as far forward as practicable - facing sideward 380-1530 (15-60)
      Rear Side Marker Lamps ** (P2, PC* or P3, PC2*)
*photometrically certified at installation angle
reflex reflector indicate vehicle's presence and length Minimum 2 Red Each side at rear - as far back as practicable 380 (15) minimum
      Rear Side Reflex
Reflectors
**
** not required on Truck Tractors
(A)    Minimum 2 Red Each side at rear - as far back as practicable - facing sideward 380-1530 (15-60)
   Rear Clearance Lamps
Attention:
Required for vehicles 2032mm wide or wider, but not required on Truck Tractors
(P2, PC* or P3, PC2*)
*photometrically certified at installation angle
Show vehicle's width -
MAY NOT be combined with tail lamps
Minimum 2 Red At widest point - symmetrical - on the rear or near the rear - facing rearward As high as practicable-may be lower only if rear ID lamps are at the top
  

Rear Identification Lamps
(ID)
Attention:
Required for vehicles 2032mm wide or wider, but not required on Truck Tractors
(P2 or P3 ) Indicate presence of a wide vehicle Exactly 3 Red Rear - center - horizontally spaced 150 mm (6 in.) to 300 mm (12 in.) apart, facing rearward in Canada : at the top - maybe lower if door header narrower than 25mm
in USA: as high as practicable
  

Tail Lamps (T) Indicate vehicle's presence and width Minimum 2 Red On the rear - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable 380-1830 (15-72)
Stop Lamps (S) Indicate braking Minimum 2 Red On the rear - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable 380-1830 (15-72)
Rear Turn Signal/Hazard Warning Lamps ( I) Indicate direction of turn/ identifies disabled veh. Minimum 2 Red or Yellow On the rear - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable 380-2110 (15-83)
Rear Reflex Reflectors (A) Show vehicle's presence and width Minimum 2 Red On the rear - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable - facing rearward 380-1530 (15-60)
   Backup Lamp (R) Illuminate ground behind the vehicle and alert road users Minimum 1 White Rear No requirement
  
License Plate Lamp(s) (L) Illuminates license plate Minimum 1 White On the rear - above or at the sides of license plate No requirement
   Center High Mounted Stop Lamp
Attention:
Required for vehicles less than 2032mm wide and 4536kg
(U3) Indicates braking Minimum 1 Red On the rear - centerline of the vehicle 860 (34) minimum


 

ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT FOR SPECIFIC VEHICLES

VEHICLES 9.1 m (30 ft.) LONG OR LONGER

D E S C R I P T I O N M A N D A T O R Y    R E Q U I R E M E N T S
Area Equipment (SAE Lens Coding) Functional
Purpose
Quantity Color Location Height mm (in.)
from the ground
      Intermediate Side Marker Lamps (P2 or PC) Indicate presence of a long vehicle Minimum 2 Yellow Each side near center 380 (15) minimum
     
Intermediate Side Reflex Reflectors (A) Indicate presence of a long vehicle Minimum 2 Yellow Each side near center - facing sideward 380-1530 (15-60)

TRUCK TRACTORS

D E S C R I P T I O N
M A N D A T O R Y    R E Q U I R E M E N T S
Area
Conspicuity Treatment
DOT Coding
Quantity
Color
Location
Height
Options
Rear Upper Body Marking
DOT-C, DOT-C2, DOT-C3, or DOT-C4
Exactly 2 pairs of 300mm long strips
White
Rear upper corners of cab - facing rearward
As high as practicable excluding fairings
  
Rear Marking
DOT-C, DOT-C2, DOT-C3, or DOT-C4
Exactly 2 sections of min. 600mm each
Red/White
Rear - facing rearward - on fenders, on mud flaps brackets, or within 300mm below of the top of mud flaps
As horizontal as practicable and not higher than 1525 mm from the ground
If mud flaps not used - on the cab or frame mounted brackets

 

Yellow Conspicuity Tape 41273
D.O.T. Conspicuity Tape 41050
White Conspicuity Tape 41271